April 28, 2016

Closed Head Brain Injury as Opposed to Open Head Brain Injury

by Levin & Perconti

There are certain types of head injuries that can cause trauma to the brain with such force that it may result in a fatal injury, or leave the sufferer with some form of brain damage. Closed head brain injuries, often diagnosed as “blunt force trauma” or “shaken baby syndrome” are those types of injuries.

With a closed head type of brain injury, the head is struck by an instrument that does not penetrate the skull, or the head is shaken in such a way that causes the brain to move about the skull in such a violent manner, causing injury. Open head brain injuries, on the other hand, is where an object striking the head penetrates the skull and impacts with the brain, causing damage. The closed head brain injury is the type of brain injury that is considered to be the leading cause of fatal brain trauma in children under four, and accounts for about 75% of an estimated 1.7 million annual brain trauma injuries in the United States. These types of brain injuries range from mild to severe, and can affect the entire brain or only certain portions of it. For more information on closed head brain trauma, see BrainandSpinalCord.org.

The primary causes of closed head brain injuries are auto accidents, slip and falls, assaults where the victim is struck in the head with a blunt instrument, and sports related injuries, to name a few. Slip and fall closed head brain injuries amongst children four years of age and under, and older adults 75 years and older account for about 35% of such injuries, and demographics indicate that boys and men are at a higher risk. Percussion injuries from explosives are also within the category of closed head injuries for veterans returning from war zones.

The following is a list of the certain types of closed head brain trauma that are most common:

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April 13, 2016

The Basics - Brain Injury and Litigation

by Levin & Perconti

After an accident or injury affecting the brain; if a resultant disability or death was caused by the negligence or intentional acts of another, it is quite possible that a civil action will be the next step in the process, second to the immediate medical care and treatment of your injuries. However, with that said, litigation is usually the last resort because it can be a very stressful process.

If the lawsuit is against a healthcare provider due to an incident of an alleged medical malpractice in the care and treatment of the brain injury sufferer, or if it is against another individual because of their alleged negligence or intentional acts, in all probability, an insurance company will be involved in the matter in order to provide a defense for the defendant.

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April 5, 2016

Head Injuries, No Matter How Mild They Appear to be, Should Not be Ignored

by Levin & Perconti

Accidents and injuries involving head trauma, should never be ignored. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has determined that at least 1.4 million Americans suffer from some type of brain trauma every year, due to accidents involving injuries to the head, including auto accidents and fall injuries, or the intentional acts of others, including assault and batteries.

Some brain trauma injuries are exasperated during medical procedures performed in a negligent manner after treatment is commenced for the original injury. In some incidents, brain injuries may be misdiagnosed or not diagnosed at all, leaving the injury untreated. But, however, some injuries are not treated because the individual, who has suffered the accident, does not believe there is any reason to be alarm. In such cases, these individuals do not seek medical treatment until it is too late.

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March 27, 2016

Brain Injuries and Youth Football Organizations

by Levin & Perconti

Football is one of the most popular sport activities amongst youth and teenage boys; as a result, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued potential guidelines and recommendations for students, parents and school officials for the purpose of improving the safety of players while on the field. These recommendations are as follows:

(1) Sports trainers, coaches and athletic directors should enforce the rules for proper tackling;

(2) Parents of players and school officials must decide whether the benefits of playing the game outweigh the risks;

(3) Non-tackle leagues should be encouraged and expanded in order to give players and their parents the choice of being able to participate in football without the risk of injuries from tackling;

(4) Skilled athletic trainers should be placed on the sidelines of all games in order to reduce the number of player injuries; and

(5) Tackling should not be allowed until a certain age.

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March 20, 2016

High School Sports and Brain Injuries

by Levin & Perconti

High School sports and brain injuries can be a very big problem for students, parents and school officials alike. Preventing injuries to students who participate in high school sports is a major concern for the community. There is an inherent risk of injury in such competitive sport programs such as football, hockey, soccer and wrestling. According to a study done by the Institute of Medicine, the risk of concussion type brain injuries may be much higher amongst high school children, than even at the college level. High school coaches and trainers are acutely aware of this problem, and it is their responsibility to work with the families of the students and the school officials, to make sure that injuries are kept to a minimum.

A committee formed by the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council reviewed the issues concerning sports related concussion brain injuries amongst minors starting with elementary school through college. The committee has recommended that further funding and research on this issue needs to be done in order to pinpoint areas where a reduction of these types of injuries for children involved in sports activities in our schools may be achieved.

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March 12, 2016

Memory Loss Due to Brain Injury or Disease

by Levin & Perconti

Our life, our personality is made up of memories, some good and some bad. The bad memories have their purpose, in that they provide us with warning signs that danger is ahead. If it were not for the bad memories, such as the memory of what happened when we touched that hot stove, we would never know not to repeat that act again and again. Bad memories remind us to proceed with caution when we are about to thread on dangerous ground. Good memories are the things that bring a smile to our faces; that brighten our souls when we are feeling a little down.

Everyone has benchmark memories that they have cultivated all their lives. These memories are of our interactions with our families and friends. Without these memories, we would become empty vessels. Sufferers from brain damage and dementia, with resultant memory loss (if total memory loss) are often described as being not the same person they once were. That is why the loss of our memory is a terrible thing.

What Can Cause Memory Loss?

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March 4, 2016

National Brain Injury Month Feature: Brain Stem Injuries and Herniation

by Levin & Perconti

March is National Brain Injury Awareness month. This is the time of the year when there is a lot of focus on the cause and treatment of brain injuries, and what society can do to alleviate the suffering of those whose injuries are life threatening, or those individuals whose injuries leave them with a lifetime of total dependency on others for their everyday needs.

While any type of brain injury is serious, because it affects the organ that controls every other part of our body, some injuries are more severe than others. Some forms of brain stem injuries resulting in brain herniation will fall into that category.

Brain Stem Injuries

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February 26, 2016

March is National Brain Injury Awareness Month

by Levin & Perconti

Save this date: March 16, 2016. This coming March 16 is National Brain Injury Awareness Day. This is an annual event where advocates for the care and treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury in America, such as the Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA) meet on Capitol Hill in Washington D.C. for the purpose of (1) increasing Congressional awareness of the special needs of those suffering from brain injuries; (2) to provide information and resources to brain injury sufferers and their caregivers; (3) to bring to light the need for better care and treatment for brain injury sufferers, including civilian and military individuals; and (4) to expand brain injury research and resources for state run programs.

The Treatment and Care of Brain Injury Sufferers is a Major Concernhttp://www.levinperconti.com/brain-injuries.html

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February 19, 2016

The Science of Traumatic Brain Injury

by Levin & Perconti

One patient suffers a traumatic brain injury that ultimately leads to a permanent brain damage and life changing disabilities requiring continuous and monitored healthcare for the rest of his life, while another patient recovers sufficiently enough to continue an unrestrained lifestyle despite his injuries. Is the difference in the injury, the physical or psychological makeup of the individual, or something else? Could it be that there is a gene that influences the rate of recovery; or whether there is any recovery at all, from brain injury? Science has discovered sufficient evidence to prove that this may be the case.

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February 12, 2016

Insecticides Possibly Causing Brain Injury: Microcephaly

by Levin & Perconti

Sometimes, using chemicals as the cure is not always the best answer. Sometimes, the cure is worse than the problem, as we may be seeing in the outbreak of microcephaly in babies being born in Latin America. Microcephaly, as described by the Mayo Clinic, is a neurological condition causing an infant’s head to be smaller than other children of the same age and sex. This deformity results in the child’s brain developing abnormally prior to birth, and not growing in size at all, after birth. There is no known cure for this disorder. The most parents of children born with this deformity can hope for is a lifetime of therapy in the hopes that their child will be able to lead a productive life of sorts.

What Causes Microcephaly?

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February 4, 2016

Brain Injury in Boxing and Mixed Martial Arts

by Levin & Perconti

It has been determined that repeated blows to the head can cause brain injury and, eventually brain damage, in professional sports. Professional football has come under considerable fire because of this, but how about boxing and Mixed Martial Arts (MMA). Do participants in these sports also run the risk of brain injuries due to repetitive blows to the head during their matches? The easy answer is “yes.” But how bad is it? See Medical Daily

By now it is a well settled that individuals who suffer repeated blows to the head are at a high risk for brain injury possibly leading to brain damage, loss of brain processing speed, and shrinkage of brain matter. Professional sports teams, players, boxers and MMA fighters, and their managers, as well as the healthcare industry are now admitting that this is definitely a risk factor for the sport participants. It may also lead to the onset of various forms of dementia such as Alzheimer’s disease and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). These conditions are the progressive degenerative function of the brain and can be displayed by memory loss, confusion, aggression, depression, impaired judgment and loss of impulse control, and ultimately death.

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January 26, 2016

Traumatic Brain Injury and Rehabilitation

by Levin & Perconti

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) has many causes, and can take on many forms, from mild to moderate, to severe. Likewise, some TBI can be managed with a minimal amount of care, while other, more debilitating injuries causing loss of cognitive functioning, such as perception, memory, judgment, and reasoning, or the loss of normal body functioning, such as the ability to breathe on your own, to walk or talk, or take care of your everyday needs without assistance, may require ongoing and continuous treatment and care for the rest of the sufferer’s life.

Types of Possible Brain Injury

There are millions of people in America suffering from some form of brain injury relating either to birth defects, auto accidents, slip and falls, sports related injuries, etc. No two injuries or treatments are alike. The type of treatment and rehabilitation an individual receives after suffering any form of brain injury can make all the difference in that individual sufferer’s recovery. Programs and projects have been designed to address the specific care and treatment of various brain injuries and disabilities.

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