May 26, 2016

Brain Injuries From Horseback Riding May be More Prevalent that Contact Sports Brain Injuries

by Levin & Perconti

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are serious and life transforming incidents. A brain injury can lead to brain damage or death. Some life threatening injuries, even though they do not end in death, may result in disabilities that inhibit the sufferer from performing the minimal tasks required for life sustaining functions.

Researchers have determined that certain sports activities are a major culprit when it comes to causing head injuries. Brain injuries are usually thought to occur mainly with such sports as football, soccer, boxing, rugby, skiing, etc., and any other contact sport. Surprisingly, however, equestrian sports have been found time and again to be one of the highest at risk sports for serious head injuries.

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May 19, 2016

Our Children and Concussion Injuries, Mild to Moderate to Severe

by Levin & Perconti

Concussion type brain injuries is one of the leading causes of death and disability in children and adolescents between the ages from newborn up to four years of age, and from fifteen to nineteen. Concussion injuries are usually temporary if mild or moderate, and the child may recover completely from the effects within a few days but, however, multiple head injuries no matter how mild, can lead to lasting health related problems making a full recovery problematic, and can lead eventually to brain damage and long lasting disabilities. If your child receives a head injury, no matter how slight it may appear, there should be some concern. A healthcare provider should examine the child as soon as possible to make sure that the injury is not more serious that you may suspect.

Be Vigilant of Adolescent Contact Sports and Children Playground Head Injuries

A major contributor to brain injuries in adolescents appears to be contact sports, i.e., football, soccer, etc. Studies also show that one of the main contributors to brain injury in young children up to four years of age, is playground accidents and injuries. Who would have thought that playground monkey bars and swings would be a dangerous instrumentality for our children? We all remember playing on the monkey bars, it is as American as apple pie, but it is now presenting a health issue for our children. While these incidents may usually be mild, any concussion should not be taken lightly.

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May 12, 2016

Can a Brain That Has Been Injured, be Healed?

by Levin & Perconti

Brain tissue that has been injured leading to brain damage cannot be repaired; however, the brain itself may be healed somewhat depending upon the severity of the injury and whether the sufferer received immediate medical attention after the injury.

Whether the head injury was as a result of a brain aneurysm leading to a stroke, a concussion type injury, criminal assaults leading to injury, auto accident or slip and falls, such injuries should never be taken lightly. Early medical treatment may increase the chances of the sufferer’s recovery.

The Brain is the Center of our Individual Universe

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May 5, 2016

Who Decides to Pull the Plug on a Patient When There Appears to Be No Hope?

by Levin & Perconti

Many of us believe that death of an individual is when the individual’s heart stops or when they stop breathing. However, life support systems can keep the heart and lungs working even after the brain cease to function. Life support systems are mechanical means used to pump the heart and breathe for the patient who cannot do so on his own. If the brain cannot support these systems after the machines are unplugged, than the individual may be considered “clinically” brain dead.

Clinical brain death is the irreversible loss of the brain functions that are necessary to sustain life. When asked what the purpose was for keeping a patient on life support who was medically determined to be clinically brain dead, physicians state that often it is done in order to allow family members time to say their last goodbyes to their loved one, or it may be for the purpose of providing enough time to allow family member to determine if any of the patient’s organs will be donated. See Plain Views for more information on this subject.

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April 28, 2016

Closed Head Brain Injury as Opposed to Open Head Brain Injury

by Levin & Perconti

There are certain types of head injuries that can cause trauma to the brain with such force that it may result in a fatal injury, or leave the sufferer with some form of brain damage. Closed head brain injuries, often diagnosed as “blunt force trauma” or “shaken baby syndrome” are those types of injuries.

With a closed head type of brain injury, the head is struck by an instrument that does not penetrate the skull, or the head is shaken in such a way that causes the brain to move about the skull in such a violent manner, causing injury. Open head brain injuries, on the other hand, is where an object striking the head penetrates the skull and impacts with the brain, causing damage. The closed head brain injury is the type of brain injury that is considered to be the leading cause of fatal brain trauma in children under four, and accounts for about 75% of an estimated 1.7 million annual brain trauma injuries in the United States. These types of brain injuries range from mild to severe, and can affect the entire brain or only certain portions of it. For more information on closed head brain trauma, see

The primary causes of closed head brain injuries are auto accidents, slip and falls, assaults where the victim is struck in the head with a blunt instrument, and sports related injuries, to name a few. Slip and fall closed head brain injuries amongst children four years of age and under, and older adults 75 years and older account for about 35% of such injuries, and demographics indicate that boys and men are at a higher risk. Percussion injuries from explosives are also within the category of closed head injuries for veterans returning from war zones.

The following is a list of the certain types of closed head brain trauma that are most common:

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April 13, 2016

The Basics - Brain Injury and Litigation

by Levin & Perconti

After an accident or injury affecting the brain; if a resultant disability or death was caused by the negligence or intentional acts of another, it is quite possible that a civil action will be the next step in the process, second to the immediate medical care and treatment of your injuries. However, with that said, litigation is usually the last resort because it can be a very stressful process.

If the lawsuit is against a healthcare provider due to an incident of an alleged medical malpractice in the care and treatment of the brain injury sufferer, or if it is against another individual because of their alleged negligence or intentional acts, in all probability, an insurance company will be involved in the matter in order to provide a defense for the defendant.

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April 5, 2016

Head Injuries, No Matter How Mild They Appear to be, Should Not be Ignored

by Levin & Perconti

Accidents and injuries involving head trauma, should never be ignored. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has determined that at least 1.4 million Americans suffer from some type of brain trauma every year, due to accidents involving injuries to the head, including auto accidents and fall injuries, or the intentional acts of others, including assault and batteries.

Some brain trauma injuries are exasperated during medical procedures performed in a negligent manner after treatment is commenced for the original injury. In some incidents, brain injuries may be misdiagnosed or not diagnosed at all, leaving the injury untreated. But, however, some injuries are not treated because the individual, who has suffered the accident, does not believe there is any reason to be alarm. In such cases, these individuals do not seek medical treatment until it is too late.

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March 27, 2016

Brain Injuries and Youth Football Organizations

by Levin & Perconti

Football is one of the most popular sport activities amongst youth and teenage boys; as a result, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued potential guidelines and recommendations for students, parents and school officials for the purpose of improving the safety of players while on the field. These recommendations are as follows:

(1) Sports trainers, coaches and athletic directors should enforce the rules for proper tackling;

(2) Parents of players and school officials must decide whether the benefits of playing the game outweigh the risks;

(3) Non-tackle leagues should be encouraged and expanded in order to give players and their parents the choice of being able to participate in football without the risk of injuries from tackling;

(4) Skilled athletic trainers should be placed on the sidelines of all games in order to reduce the number of player injuries; and

(5) Tackling should not be allowed until a certain age.

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March 20, 2016

High School Sports and Brain Injuries

by Levin & Perconti

High School sports and brain injuries can be a very big problem for students, parents and school officials alike. Preventing injuries to students who participate in high school sports is a major concern for the community. There is an inherent risk of injury in such competitive sport programs such as football, hockey, soccer and wrestling. According to a study done by the Institute of Medicine, the risk of concussion type brain injuries may be much higher amongst high school children, than even at the college level. High school coaches and trainers are acutely aware of this problem, and it is their responsibility to work with the families of the students and the school officials, to make sure that injuries are kept to a minimum.

A committee formed by the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council reviewed the issues concerning sports related concussion brain injuries amongst minors starting with elementary school through college. The committee has recommended that further funding and research on this issue needs to be done in order to pinpoint areas where a reduction of these types of injuries for children involved in sports activities in our schools may be achieved.

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March 12, 2016

Memory Loss Due to Brain Injury or Disease

by Levin & Perconti

Our life, our personality is made up of memories, some good and some bad. The bad memories have their purpose, in that they provide us with warning signs that danger is ahead. If it were not for the bad memories, such as the memory of what happened when we touched that hot stove, we would never know not to repeat that act again and again. Bad memories remind us to proceed with caution when we are about to thread on dangerous ground. Good memories are the things that bring a smile to our faces; that brighten our souls when we are feeling a little down.

Everyone has benchmark memories that they have cultivated all their lives. These memories are of our interactions with our families and friends. Without these memories, we would become empty vessels. Sufferers from brain damage and dementia, with resultant memory loss (if total memory loss) are often described as being not the same person they once were. That is why the loss of our memory is a terrible thing.

What Can Cause Memory Loss?

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March 4, 2016

National Brain Injury Month Feature: Brain Stem Injuries and Herniation

by Levin & Perconti

March is National Brain Injury Awareness month. This is the time of the year when there is a lot of focus on the cause and treatment of brain injuries, and what society can do to alleviate the suffering of those whose injuries are life threatening, or those individuals whose injuries leave them with a lifetime of total dependency on others for their everyday needs.

While any type of brain injury is serious, because it affects the organ that controls every other part of our body, some injuries are more severe than others. Some forms of brain stem injuries resulting in brain herniation will fall into that category.

Brain Stem Injuries

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February 26, 2016

March is National Brain Injury Awareness Month

by Levin & Perconti

Save this date: March 16, 2016. This coming March 16 is National Brain Injury Awareness Day. This is an annual event where advocates for the care and treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury in America, such as the Brain Injury Association of America (BIAA) meet on Capitol Hill in Washington D.C. for the purpose of (1) increasing Congressional awareness of the special needs of those suffering from brain injuries; (2) to provide information and resources to brain injury sufferers and their caregivers; (3) to bring to light the need for better care and treatment for brain injury sufferers, including civilian and military individuals; and (4) to expand brain injury research and resources for state run programs.

The Treatment and Care of Brain Injury Sufferers is a Major Concern

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